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Platelet-rich plasma in dental procedures is applied for soothing effects after tooth extractions, healing and supporting the effects of dental surgeries

Tooth extraction is a common dental procedure associated with significant postoperative pain, discomfort and in many cases prolonged bleeding. PRP at injury sites might be able to promote gingival healing and the regeneration of periodontal soft tissues and accelerating bone repair. Moreover, it plays the important role in restoring the neural pathway and thus repairing the lack of periodontal mechanoreceptors after tooth extraction. PRP then has further application in regenerating the nerve fibers and reconstructing the neural feedback pathways around osseointegrated implants.

Platelet-rich plasma according to case studies proves as it may be beneficial in some cases as an adjunct to graft materials for the treatment of periodontal intrabony defects.

The use of PRP has been proposed in the management of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) with the aim of enhancing wound healing and bone maturation.

Platelet-Rich Plasma combats developing diseases like periodontitis, which is an inflammation of the tissue around the teeth, often causing shrinkage of the gums and loosening of the teeth.

 

The areas of PRP treatments and recommendations:

dental surgery (tooth extractions and periodontal surgery)

oral surgery (soft tissues and bone tissue surgery

implant surgery

BRONJ surgery

enhancing wound healing 

gingival regeneration

reinforcing bone maturation

Maxillofacial surgery 

oral and dental diseases and conditions (eg.Periodontitis)

 

PRP is capable of improving soft tissue healing after tooth extractions and positively affects bone and nerve regeneration. In implant surgery, PRP is being used in isolation as a coating material. Apart from that is helps in acceptance of the implants.

The  Platelet-Rich Plasma in dental procedures may be is mainly to:

reduce bleeding

enhance soft tissue healing

accelerate bone regeneration

periodontal intrabony defects

accelerate tissue healing

nerve regeneration

combating diseases within oral areas

acceptance of the implant.

REFERENCES:

  1. “Platelet-rich plasma for regeneration of neural feedback pathways around dental implants: a concise review and outlook on future possibilities”; US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health; https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5379164/
  2. “The effect of platelet–rich plasma on clinical outcomes of the surgical treatment of periodontal intrabony defects: A systematic review and meta–analysis”; US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health; https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4987973/
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